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The Followers of Islam: Understanding the World’s Second-Largest Religion

Discover the world’s second-largest religion with “The Followers of Islam: Understanding the World’s Second-Largest Religion” article. Learn about the history, core beliefs, different branches, cultures, and practices of Islam, as well as its impact on the modern world. Find answers to FAQs such as the difference between Sunni and Shia Islam, the significance of the Hajj pilgrimage, and the Islamic view of Jesus. Explore the problems Muslims face, such as Islamic extremism and terrorism, as well as the role of dialogue and cooperation between different faiths.

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Islam is the second largest religion in the world, so it has a big impact on world culture and society. The goal of this article is to give a full picture of Islam, including its beliefs, practices, and effects on the world. We will look at different parts of this interesting religion, from its history to the problems Muslims face today.

What is Islam and its history?

Islam is a monotheistic religion that began in the 7th century CE on the Arabian Peninsula. The word “Islam” means “submission,” which refers to the submission to the will of Allah (God) as outlined in the holy book of Islam, the Quran. Muslims think of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) as the founder of Islam, and they believe that Allah spoke to him through the angel Gabriel.

How many followers does Islam have?

Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, after Christianity, with about 1.8 billion followers. The majority of Muslims live in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Africa.

Why is Islam a significant religion globally?

Islam is an important religion around the world because it has so many followers and has an effect on many parts of life, like politics, culture, and society. Islam has also contributed significantly to science, literature, and the arts, making it a rich and diverse religion.

The Core Beliefs of Islam

The five pillars 

These are the fundamental practices that all Muslims must follow. They are:

  1. Shahada: The declaration of faith that there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad (SAW) is his prophet.
  2. Salat: The five daily prayers that Muslims perform facing the Kaaba in Mecca.
  3. Zakat: The giving of alms to the poor and needy.
  4. Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan from dawn until dusk.
  5. Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims are required to perform at least once in their lifetime if they are physically and financially able.

The six articles of Faith

The six articles of faith are the fundamental beliefs that all Muslims must hold. 

  1. Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
  2. Belief in the prophets, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (SAW).
  3. Belief in the holy books, including the Quran, Torah, Psalms, and Gospel.
  4. Belief in angels as messengers of Allah.
  5. Belief in the Day of Judgment and life after death.
  6. Belief in predestination, that everything is determined by Allah.

The concept of Tawhid

Tawhid is the oneness of Allah and the central concept of Islam. It talks about how Allah is the only God and how he is one and only. It also talks about how polytheism and idolatry are wrong.

The Life and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

Who was Prophet Muhammad (SAW)?

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was born in Mecca in 570 CE and received revelations from Allah through the angel Gabriel when he was 40 years old. He spent the rest of his life spreading the message of Islam and establishing the first Muslim community in Medina. He died in 632 CE.

The early life of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) SAW

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) SAW was born into the Quraysh tribe in Mecca and was orphaned at an early age. He worked as a merchant and later married Khadija, a wealthy widow who became his first follower.

The revelations and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

The Quran is a collection of the things that God told the prophet Muhammad (SAW) (SAW) through the angel Gabriel. He taught that there was only one God, and that all humans were equal before Allah, regardless of race or social status. He also emphasized the importance of charity, kindness, and compassion.

The role of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in Islam

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is considered the last prophet and messenger of Allah in Islam. Muslims all over the world esteem and respect him for his teachings, character, and leadership. His life and teachings serve as a model for Muslims to follow.

The Different Branches of Islam

Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is the largest branch of Islam, comprising about 85-90% of all Muslims worldwide. They believe in the legitimacy of the first four caliphs, or leaders, after Prophet Muhammad (SAW)’s death.

Shia Islam

Shia Islam is the second-largest branch of Islam, comprising about 10-15% of all Muslims worldwide. They believe in the legitimacy of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)’s cousin and son-in-law, Ali, as the rightful successor to Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

Sufi Islam

Sufi Islam is a mystical branch of Islam that focuses on the inward search for God and spiritual enlightenment. They emphasize the importance of love, humility, and inner purification.

Islamic Culture and Practices

Dress code and modesty

Islamic dress code emphasizes modesty and covers the body from head to toe for both men and women. Women wear hijab, a headscarf that covers their hair and neck, and loose clothing that covers their body. Men wear modest clothing, including long shirts and pants.

Dietary restrictions

Muslims are expected to follow dietary rules that say they can’t eat pork or drink alcohol. The meat must also be slaughtered in a specific way, known as halal, and be free from certain impurities.

Islamic festivals and holidays

Islamic festivals and holidays include Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, and Eid al-Adha, which marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage.

Islamic art and architecture

Islamic art and architecture are known for their intricate geometric designs, calligraphy, and patterns. Mosques and other Islamic buildings often feature domes, minarets, and ornate decorations.

Women in Islam

The role of women in Islamic society

Islam recognizes the rights and dignity of women and emphasizes their importance in society. Women are entitled to education, inheritance, and the right to own property. They also have the right to work and participate in political and social life.

Islamic feminism

Islamic feminism is a movement that tries to find a balance between Islamic beliefs and equal rights for men and women. It talks about how important it is to read Islamic texts in a way that promotes equality between men and women and challenges patriarchal readings.

Misconceptions and stereotypes about women in Islam

There are many misconceptions and stereotypes about women in Islam, including that they are oppressed and subservient to men. But these ideas don’t come from Islamic teachings and don’t match up with what Muslim women actually go through.

Islam in the Modern World

The spread of Islam

Islam has spread to various parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America. It has changed the culture, politics, and society of these areas in a big way.

The relationship between Islam and political

Islam has played a significant role in politics, both historically and in modern times. Many countries with a majority of Muslims have made Islamic law part of their legal systems, while others have made their laws and governments less religious.

The role of Islam in social justice and human rights

Islam stresses the importance of social justice and human rights, such as the rights of women, children, and people from different backgrounds. Many Muslim scholars and activists have used Islamic teachings to fight for human rights and social justice.

The challenges faced by Muslims in the modern world

Muslims face various challenges in the modern world, including discrimination, marginalization, and Islamophobia. Stereotypes and misconceptions about Islam and Muslims are the main causes of these issues.

Islamic Extremism and Terrorism

The origins of Islamic extremism

Islamic extremism is when people use violence and terror to spread a very extreme view of Islam. It has its roots in the political and social situations of the Muslim world, such as colonialism, poverty, and political oppression.

The difference between Islamic extremism and mainstream Islam

Islamic extremism is a small group’s view of Islam. It does not represent Islam or its teachings as a whole. Terrorism and violence done in the name of Islam have been condemned by Muslims all over the world.

The impact of Islamic terrorism on Muslims and non-Muslims

Islamic terrorism has had a profound impact on both Muslims and non-Muslims. Muslims have faced more discrimination and Islamophobia, while terror attacks have hurt people who are not Muslim.

Islam and Other Religions

The relationship between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism

Islam shares many similarities with Christianity and Judaism, including a belief in one God and a shared history of prophetic figures. Muslims also consider Christians and Jews to be “people of the book” and hold them in high regard.

Interfaith dialogue and cooperation

Muslims and people of other religions need to talk to each other and work together if they want to understand each other and live together peacefully. Interfaith dialogue and cooperation have been used by many Muslim scholars and groups to build bridges between different groups.It has hurt relationships between people of different faiths and contributed to mistrust and suspicion between them.

Islamophobia and its Impact on interfaith relations

Islamophobia refer to the fear and hatred of Islam and Muslims. It has hurt relationships between people of different faiths and contributed to mistrust and suspicion between them.


What is the difference between Sunni and Shia Islam?

Sunni and Shia Islam are the two major branches of Islam. Sunni Muslims make up the majority of Muslims worldwide and believe in the legitimacy of the first four caliphs after Prophet Muhammad (SAW)’s death. Shia Muslims believe in the legitimacy of Ali, Prophet Muhammad (SAW)’s cousin and son-in-law, as the rightful successor to Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

What is the significance of the Hajj pilgrimage?

The Hajj pilgrimage is one of the five pillars of Islam and is an essential part of Muslim faith. It is a trip to the holy city of Mecca and remembers the sacrifice that the Prophet Abraham made.

Are all Muslims terrorists?

No, not all Muslims are terrorists. The vast majority of Muslims around the world are peaceful, follow the law, and are against terrorism.

What is the Islamic view of Jesus?

Muslims consider Jesus to be a prophet of Allah and a messenger of God’s word. They also believe that he will return to Earth before the Day of Judgment.

Can women lead prayers in Islam?

In some Islamic traditions, women can lead prayers for other women. However, in most Islamic traditions, men lead mixed-gender congregational prayers.


In conclusion, Islam is a vast and diverse religion with a rich history and culture. It has had a significant impact on the world, shaping politics, society, and culture. Even though Muslims face problems in the modern world, Islam is still a strong and important religion. By promoting understanding, dialogue, and cooperation, we can build a more peaceful and harmonious world.

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Muhammad Talha

Muhammad Talha is a Digital marketing Expert. He is working on The Digital Islam from past two years. He is the main developer and leading of the Marketing team.

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